The ability to take time off with a new baby, foster child or adopted child without fear of losing your job is important. Many organizations today now recognize that employees should not have to make a choice between focusing solely on their career or having children and building a family. This requires integration of work and family roles. No employee should lose momentum in their career because of the necessity of taking time out of the workforce for a biological child, adopted child or foster child placement. This activity asks that you explore the legal and ethical implications of work/family integration.
Begin by reading Case 9.5: Swedish Daddies
Next, read and reflect upon the following in preparation for composing a case analysis:
- Should special organizational arrangements be made for workers who wish to combine career and child rearing? If so, identify the steps that companies can take to accommodate parental needs more effectively.
- Does a firm have an obligation to give employees the flexibility to work out the particular balance of career and family that is right for them? Or does this go beyond the social responsibilities of business?
- Can paid parental leave make sense from a business point of view?
- Can paid parental leave make business sense if viewed through the lens of an ethical theory or theories?
- Consider the need to create an organizational policy to address this issue. What would a policy need to look like to support your view of the ethical situation?
Then, develop your case analysis using the following five sections:
- Section 1: Introduction and situational analysis. Describe the ethical dilemma, giving appropriate background information. The term “dilemma” implies that there are pros and cons to various options, even if some are clearly more socially acceptable than others. This is also where you do your situational analysis – identify factors related to the individual(s) involved (consider the readings from this module), company and managerial practices and policies, external factors such as economic pressure, and any other aspects of the situation that you believe helped create the dilemma. Do not tell the story of the chosen case, instead spend time on pulling out the relevant points that form the main thrust of the ethical dilemma.
- Section 2: Stakeholder analysis. Identify the key stakeholders and how they are potentially impacted by the various options in the dilemma. Note that stakeholder analysis is particularly pertinent to the consequentialist approach, and that one of the challenges is in estimating positive and negative impacts on relevant stakeholders. Do the best you can, looking at both good and bad consequences for each stakeholder group. Make sure you summarize the overall situation and come to a conclusion about the greater good.
- Section 3: Analysis based on ethical theories. Analyze the ethical dilemma using a relevant theoretical perspective, including, but not limited to ,cultural relativism (how it relates to cultural norms – what society would view as acceptable, as well as what is legal), teleology (looking at consequences and acting for the greater good), deontology (duties and principles), and virtue.
- Section 4: Conclusion and recommendations. Up to now, you have been analyzing and comparing options. Here is where you pull together the different threads of your analysis and determine whether or not the company or individual did the right thing. Also, make recommendations about what should have been done. Make sure your justifications clearly flow from your analysis. Make managerial and policy recommendations that would help avoid similar ethical dilemmas in the future and provide guidance to help those facing a similar dilemma.
- Section 5: References. List at least three sources (other than the articles provided, your text, or the case article) where you located additional information about the company and the associated ethical dilemma(s).
General guidance: Include a title page, and label the five sections. Your paper should be 2 to 3 pages in length, not including the title and reference pages. All citations should be in APA 6th Edition format. Double space your paper, and use Times New Roman, 12-point font, with one inch margins.